Family therapy has been established as an independent form of therapy for several years; family therapists have now developed a large repertoire of therapeutic techniques.
What they all have in common is that the focus is not on the individual, but on the social system in which spouses and family members find each other.
Each family has developed its own communication structures. The uniqueness of the family is shaped by the expectations and behaviour of its members and by the society in which the family lives.
According to the different theoretical concepts, the therapist will either focus more on family communication or promote the growth and development of individual members so that they can develop satisfactory relationships with each other.
Since all family members influence each other through their actions and "non-actions", the recovery of one member can lead to a reaction (illness) in another.
Families have certain rules and their own types of balance, which is subject to constant stress: influences from outside, changes within family members or even from "new arrivals" such as the birth of a child or the death of a relative.
The family as a whole, the members as individuals must be adaptable and capable of learning in order to meet the constant challenges. Often disturbances occur in the family due to excessive demands and emotional deficits: the family becomes ill.
In family therapy, the causes of the disorders are looked for together with all family members, then more appropriate rules and behaviours are practiced so that the family as a whole can react better to issues that will come up again and again.