Anxiety and depression related to pregnancy and post-partum symptoms
Pregnancy and the first time giving birth are a time of complete upheaval for women. Often they are barely or not at all prepared for this new phase of life, and their own baby may be the first baby she ever held. The emphasis on the girl's body as a symbol of particular sexual attractiveness has become the benchmark for many women through media influences. The rapid and unstoppable change from the previously youthful to the mature body is often a frightening process for the pregnant woman. Pregnancy is a time of ambivalent feelings. Men also have their own fears during this time. Conflict, rejection, hurt and distance can severely burden the partnership during pregnancy. In our culture, hedonistic ideas are common: Only subjective happiness counts, sexual freedom and independence are basic values for many people. Relationships between the sexes have long since ceased to be lifelong partnerships. During pregnancy, these performances undergo severe strain. Will the partner face the obligation of fatherhood? Is he the man I want by my side for the rest of my life as a young mother? Will my body be beautiful and youthful again? These questions can be pressing and uncomfortable. The birth and the postpartum phase result in inevitable confrontation with her family for the young mother. Often the own mother is the only person who can offer support to the young post-partum mother. This confronts her with the memories of her own childhood. Depending on the individual constellation, an exceptional psychological situation with considerable anguish arises for them, which may completely overwhelm them and their existing coping skills. Sometimes the mother's family of origin enters the life of the young couple, sometimes she is unhappily confronted with the values and rituals of her husband's family. The partner who was capable and self-confident until this moment is overwhelmed by fear and helplessness. The young father is often unable to cope with this change and withdraws from the partnership. In this situation, a so-called post-partum crisis can develop.
The severity of symptoms
Every young mother has to deal with fear and anxiety. The symptoms can be very dramatic. Quick, uncomplicated help is urgently needed, but rarely available. Those who seek therapy often suffer a great deal.
Appropriate forms of therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy and psychotherapy are based on deep psychology are helpful, provided that the practitioner is familiar with the problem through his or her own experience. Theoretical knowledge is not helpful here.
Duration of treatment
Between 3 and 15 sessions, depending on the severity of the crisis (usually one session per week)
Health insurance companies, both private and statutory/public, generally cover the costs of treatment.